In 1914, France, Britain, and Russia (the Allies) formed an alliance against Germany and Austria-Hungary (the Central Powers). Other countries decided to join one side or the other, depending on which they thought would benefit them the most. Germany was joined by Turkey and Bulgaria. The Allies were joined by Italy, Japan, Greece, Portugal, and Romania. Later on, in 1917, America entered the war on the side of the Allies.
|Spain, Switzerland, Albania, the Netherlands, Denmark, Norway, and Sweden all remained neutral in the First World War.|